This is the practice involving the control of the mental functions which start from the initial withdrawal of the senses from external objects to the complete oblivion of the external environment. There are innumerable techniques of meditation. It is a process of absorption in which the individual tries to turn his attention to dwell upon the single object, sound, concept or experience.
Meditation is a great tranquilizer. However, it is not always safe to start one’s practice in Meditation without preparing adequately through Asanas and Pranayamas. In the hierarchy of yogic practices Meditation occupies a higher position. The basic principle of Meditation is to develop internal awareness.