QCI-YCB Syllabus Level 2 – YOGA WELLNESS INSTRUCTOR (YWI)

COMPETENCE STANDARD FOR LEVEL 2-YOGA TEACHER

SECTION 1: Principles and Fundamentals of Yoga

    1. Yoga Teachings and Philosophy
      • Familiarity with the evolution of the teachings and philosophy of the Yoga tradition and its relevance and application to the practice of Yoga
      • Familiarity with the teachings of the Vedas, Principle Upanishads, Shad Darshanas, Agama and Puranas
      • Familiarity with the four schools of Yoga (Jnana Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Karma Yoga, and Raja Yoga)
        1. Jnana Yoga
          • Four stages of Jnana (Viveka, Vairagya, Satsangata, Mumukshutva)
          • Stages of Jnana Yoga practice (Shravan, Manana, Nidhidhyasana)
          • Seven major chakras and their correlation to states of consciousness
          • The concepts of ida, pingla, and Sushumna, the central channel of energy running along the spine.
        2. Bhakti Yoga
          • Navavidha Bhakt
          • Qualities of a bhakta
          • The pronunciation, chanting, knowledge, benefits of Sanskrit chants, hymns, and bhajans
          • Satsang and the uplifting meaning of chants helping to thin the activities of the mind
          • Mantra chanting and their effect on the Nadi and chakras
          • Demonstrating ability to create a bhakti bhava during chanting and singing
        3. Karma Yoga
          • The concept of Karma Yoga
          • Prerequisites for a Sthitaprajna
          • Sthitaprajna lakshana
          • The law of Karma
        4. Raja Yoga
          • Concepts and principles of Patanjali Yoga
          • Concepts and principles of Hatha Yoga (by Swatamarama)
          • Familiarity with the fundamental principles of Yoga (Pancha koshas, Pancha bhutas, Pancha pranas, shad chakras)
          • Familiarity with examples of concepts and models from the above teachings and philosophy, relevant to the practice of Yoga
          • Familiarity with the concepts of instructor, teacher, master, acharya lineage
          • Familiarity with the contribution of yogis like:
            1. Patanjali
            2. Adishankaracharya
            3. Aurobindo
            4. Swami Vivekananda
            5. Maharishi Dayanand Saraswat

SECTION 2: Introduction to Basic Yoga Texts

  1. Familiarity with Yoga Texts
    • The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
      1. Yoga Anushasana
      2. Concept of Citta
      3. Citta Vritti
      4. Citta Prasadana
      5. Panch Klesha
      6. Ashtanga Yoga
    • Bhagavad Gita
      1. The context of Bhagavad Gita
      2. Principles and concepts of streams of Yoga as per Bhagavad Gita
      3. The concept of karma, sthitha prajna, bhakti as per Bhagavad Gita
    • Hatha Yoga Theory
      1. Introduction to Hatha Yoga Parampara
      2. General introduction to Hatha Yoga texts
      3. Concept of mitahara, pathya apathya, types of Yoga aspirants
      4. Badhak tattwa and sadhak tattwa – principles to be followed by Hatha Yoga practitioner
      5. Shatkarma, asanas, pranayama, bandhas, mudras, pratyahara, and nadanusandhan as described in Hatha Yoga Pradipika

SECTION 3: Applications of Yoga (Human Anatomy.Physiology and Psychology)

  1. Human Anatomy and Physiology
    • Familiarity with the major systems in the body- skeletal, muscular, respiratory. nervous, cardio-vascular, endocrine. excretory, digestive and reproductive.
    • Familiarity with the effects of Hatha Yoga as compared to other forms of exercise -on the joints, bones muscles heart, brain, etc and therefore on health and well-being.
    • Familiarity with the benefits of various asanas on different parts of the human body.
  2. Obstacles in Practice of Yoga
    • Familiarity with Patanjali’s nine obstacles in Yoga practices
    • Familiarity with limitations and contra-indications of specific Yoga practices
  3. Yogic Diet
    • Familiarity with the Triguna
    • Familiarity with an Ayurvedic approach to diet and nutrition, significance of satvic vegetarian diet, and the ethical and spiritual reasons for a satvic vegetarian diet
    • Familiarity with different diets and their effect on the anatomy and physiology Yogic diet-a Lacto vegetarian, satvic approach to food
    • Familiarity with the benefits of Yogic diet on physical and mental well-being, and as an enabler for further practice of Yoga.
  4. Psychology
    • Familiarity with the concepts of cognition and perception
    • Familiarity with the theories of cognition and non-cognition
    • Familiarity with personality traits and their classification
    • Familiarity with Indian Psychology
      1. Psychology as per Bhagavad Gita
      2. Psychology as per the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali

SECTION 4: Communication

  1. Teaching Environment
    • Knowledge and demonstrated ability to prepare the classroom with cleanliness, proper laying of the mats, sufficient spacing, decorum, etc.
    • Knowledge and demonstrated ability of the following:
      1. To prepare a course schedule to give due weightage to various aspects of the practice of Yoga.
      2. To teach according to a pre-defined script through a standard teaching process.
      3. Describing the practice (name, meaning, justification, category, type, counts, complementary postures)
      4. Demonstration (silent demo, demo with counts, demo with counts breathing and explanation)
      5. Benefits and limitation of the practice
      6. Single and group practice
      7. Practice in pairs
      8. Explanation of subtle points
      9. Question and answers
      10. To teach as per the daily plan and course schedule
      11. To keep records of aspirants enroled, their attendance and their progress report during the programme
      12. To obtain feedback from the aspirants and make a course correction as appropriate
    • Knowledge and demonstrated ability to use the four teaching techniques of observation instruction, touch, and demonstration.

SECTION 5: Shat Kriyas and Sukhshma Vyayama

  1. Shat Kriyas (cleansing techniques)
    • Knowiledge and demonstrated ablity of Shat kriyas -the six classical techniques for puritying the body and mind
      1. Kapalabhati
      2. Neti (Jal neti with water and Sutra neti with a catheter)
      3. Dhauti which includes vatasara, agnisara, and kunjal kriyas
      4. Trataka and pratyahara by gazing at a candle flame, or a specific point of concentration
      5. Basti
      6. Nauli
    • Knowledge of the shat kriyas to cleanse the physical, mental, emotional and spiritual body as a way to move from gross experiences to more subtle experiences.
  2. Sukshma Vyayama
    • Knowledge of the movement of key joints of the body and the demonstrated ability to perform the same: neck, shoulder, trunk, knee, ankle.
    • Knowledge of the benefits of each of these practices and their compounding effect on the gross bodies.

SECTION 6: Surya Namaskar and Yogasana

  1. Surya Namaskar (Sun Salutation Posture Sequence)
    • In-depth knowledge and demonstrating ability to perform Surya Namaskar
  2. Yogasana
    • In-depth knowledge of basic postures as below and ability to demonstrate, perform these postures:Shirshasana (the headstand); Sarvangasana (the shoulder stand); Halasana (the plough): Setu Bandhasana (the bridge): Chakrasana (the wheel), Matsyasana (the fish); Paschimottanasana (the sting forward bend); Bhujangasana (the cobra): Salabtacana (the locust); Dhanurasana (the bow);  Ardh Matsyendrasana (the half spinal twist), Kakasana or Mayurasana (the crow or peacock), Padahasthasana (the standing forward bend); Trikonasana (the triangle)
    • Knowledge of another five asanas and demonstrated ability to perform the same: Tadasana(palm tree pose); Utkatasana (chair pose; Ushtrasana (camel pose); Pawanmuktasana (wind releasing pose); Vrikshasana (tree pose).
    • Knowledge of the Sanskrit names of the postures and breathing exercises, their detailed benefits and caution.
    • Knowledge of the five spinal movements-Inverted, forward, backward, lateral twist, and lateral bend of the spine
    • Knowledge of total Yogic exercise through the practice of asanas, proper relaxation, proper breathing, contra-indications, cautions, and medical considerations; Obvious and subtle benefits; Modification in basic postures to accommodate limitations

SECTION 7: Pranayama and Meditation

  1. Pranayama
    • Knowledge and demonstrated ability to perform abdominal (diaphragmatic), thoracic, clavicular breathing and the full Yogic breath
    • Familiarity with and demonstrated ability to perform advanced pranayama-Anuloma Viloma, Bhramari, Chandrabhedhana, Suryabhedhana, Sheetali, Sheetkari, Sadanta and Ujayi, and the knowledge of their benefits, limitation, and techniques
  2. Meditation
    • Knowledge and demonstrated ability to perform Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana, and to demonstrate allied practices like Mudras, Japa Mala, Mantras, relaxation, etc
    • Demonstrate the ability to perform meditation
    • Knowledge of the environment for meditation, Benefits of meditation on health and its practical application in modern life.

SECTION 8: Teaching Practice

  1. Knowledge of Teaching Practice
    • In-depth knowledge of the scope of practice of Yoga and how to assess the need for referral to other professional services when needed
    • In-depth knowledge of observed capacity for well-developed communication skills-listening, presence, directive and non-directive dialogue
  2. Ability to Demonstrate Teaching Practice
    • To recognize, adjust and adapt to specific aspirant’s needs in a progressive class
    • To recognize and manage the sublile dynamics inherent in the teacher-aspirant relationship
  3. Principles and Skills for Educating Aspirants
    • In-depth knowledge of and demonstrated ability to apply effective teaching methods Adapt to unique styles of learning: Provide supportive and effective feedback, Acknowledge the aspirant’s progress, and cope with difficulties
    • -In-depth knowledge of and demonstrating ability to transmit the value of self-awareness and self-responsibility throughout the process.
    • In-depth knowledge of and demonstrating ability to develop and adjust appropriate practice strategies to the aspirant
  4. Principles and Skills for Working with Groups
    • Familiarity with and demonstrating ability to design, implement, and evaluate group programs.
    • The familiarity of group dynamics and allied techniques of communication skills, time management, and the establishment of priorities and boundaries
    • Familiarity with techniques to address the specific needs of individual participants, to the degree possible in a group setting.

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